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By Karakhanyan M.I., Khor'kova T.A.

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Compute explicitly: a) the dual coalgebra of K[x] and of Γ(K x), b) the coalgebra structure of K[x], resp Γ(K x), which makes it a bialgebra and which is uniquely determined by ∆(x) = x ⊗ 1 + 1 ⊗ x. c) Compare the results of a) and b). 6. Polynomial algebra continued. e. for the algebra of coinvariants S(V ) = n ((V ⊗n )Sn ) and the algebra of invariants Γ(V ) = n ((V ⊗n )Sn ) over the vector space V . 7. Symmetric algebra as bialgebra. Show that S(V ) is a Hopf algebra for ∆ uniquely determined by ∆(v) = v ⊗ 1 + 1 ⊗ v.

The term ¯ ¯ under d2 ◦d2 comes with the sign s−1 x(1) ⊗s−1 x(2) ⊗s−1 x(3) coming from (∆⊗id) ∆ (−1)p+q (−1)p . Indeed, the first one comes from the application of the first copy of d2 , the second one comes from the application of the second copy of d2 . The term ¯ ∆ ¯ under d2 ◦ d2 comes with the s−1 x(1) ⊗ s−1 x(2) ⊗ s−1 x(3) coming from (id ⊗ ∆) p p−1 q sign (−1) (−1) (−1) . Indeed, the first one comes from the application of the first copy of d2 , the second one comes from the fact that d2 , which is of degree −1, jumps over a variable of degree p − 1, the third one comes from the application of the second copy of d2 .

2 (Twisting morphism fundamental theorem). Let A be a connected wdga algebra and let C be a connected wdga coalgebra. For any twisting morphism α : C → A the following assertions are equivalent: (1) (2) (3) (4) the the the the right twisted tensor product C ⊗α A is acyclic, left twisted tensor product A ⊗α C is acyclic, ∼ dga coalgebra morphism fα : C − → BA is a quasi-isomorphism, ∼ dga algebra morphism gα : ΩC − → A is a quasi-isomorphism. ¯ Proof. Since we require A to be connected, we have A = A⊕K 1, where the elements of the augmentation ideal A¯ have positive degree and positive weight.

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A Characteristic Property of the Algebra C(Q)B by Karakhanyan M.I., Khor'kova T.A.


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