By Carolyn Mackay
The Totonac-Tepehua language kin, notwithstanding typologically just like another Mesoamerican languages, has now not but been tested to be concerning the other language relations. Misantla Totonac is the southernmost number of Totonac and is spoken within the zone among Xalapa, the capital of Veracruz, Mexico and Misantla, Veracruz. In 1974, a newly paved highway hooked up Xalapa and Misantla bringing a comparatively remoted sector into touch with mainstream Mexican language and tradition. for this reason, Misantla Totonac is not any longer received as a primary language by means of the neighborhood childrens and is swiftly being changed via Spanish. A GRAMMAR OF MISANTLA TOTONAC offers the phonological constitution of the language and the best morphological methods. It describes inflection and derivation of all significant note periods (verbs, nominals, and statives) intimately. It introduces grammatical contract and notice order phenomena, and offers the main salient and demanding points of Misantla Totonac grammar. even supposing quite a few Totonac-Tepehua grammars exist in Spanish, this can be the single released grammar of the Totonac-Tepehua language family members presently to be had in English. Winner of the yearly Society for the learn of Indigenous Languages of the Americas (SSILA) e-book Award, this marks the 3rd quantity to be released within the sequence. "The fabric awarded this is key to any destiny paintings in reconstructing the proto-language. . . .[It] is an important contribution to either normal linguistics in addition to to Mesoamerican reviews. -James Watters, summer time Institute of Linguistics
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Extra info for A Grammar of Misantla Totonac: Studies in Indigenous Languages of the Americas
In some respects—including morphological properties, the grammatical categories they distinguish, and their environments of occurrence—UVs appear less "verby" than IVs, and show features in common with nominals \ < Approximate boundary of CVC systems |ill;i] CVC verb classifying systems [ίΤΗ: Possible CVC verb classifying systems Map 2. 1). The appropriateness of the label verb classification for superclassifying CVCs might thus be questioned. While I acknowledge that the term is potentially misleading, within the VP the categorised units "function as" verbs.
G. ) also represent a type of verbal subclassification: they specify subtypes of the event denoted by the verb. Gooniyandi, by contrast, shows a system of verb superclassification in which every verb is assigned to one or more of a dozen types (McGregor 1990a: 557-572, and Chapter 2 below). This system works in a very different way to the Warray subclassifying system. Whereas in Warray an incorporated noun serves to distinguish a particular subtype of the action referred to by the verb, in Gooniyandi the verb classifier indicates to which category the event belongs.
Fundamental parameters A relatively small set of semantic features recurs in nominal superclassifying systems in language after language, including animacy, gender, shape, and use. Can we identify a comparable small set of recurrent semantic features in overt verb superclassifying systems? The answer seems to be in the affirmative. 19 Vectorial configuration is the verbal analogue of shape in nominal classification systems; Aktionsart is the analogue of what Rijkhoff (in press) refers to as Seinsart, "the way a nominal property is represented in the spatial dimension in terms of Shape and Homogenity"; valency has no obvious analogue in semantic features of nominal classification systems.
A Grammar of Misantla Totonac: Studies in Indigenous Languages of the Americas by Carolyn Mackay