National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life's A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board, Committee to Review the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology's Research Priorities Plan

ISBN-10: 0309110637

ISBN-13: 9780309110631

ISBN-10: 0309110645

ISBN-13: 9780309110648

Ocean learn bargains numerous merits, from enhancing fisheries administration to studying new medicinal drugs to allowing early detection of tsunamis and hurricanes. on the request of the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean technological know-how and know-how (JSOST), the nationwide study Council convened a committee to study the draft and ultimate types of the sea study Priorities Plan and Implementation approach defined in "Charting the direction for Ocean technology within the usa: study Priorities for the following Decade", which represents the 1st coordinated nationwide ocean learn making plans attempt concerning all federal firms that aid ocean science.The plan offers an formidable imaginative and prescient for ocean study that may be of serious gain to the sea sciences neighborhood and the state. This booklet includes either units of findings (i.e., the committee's evaluation of the JSOST's draft plan ["A assessment of the Draft Ocean examine Priorities Plan: Charting the direction for Ocean technology within the United States"] and the evaluate of the ultimate plan). This e-book recommends that JSOST hire various outreach mechanisms to proceed to interact nonfederal companions in ocean learn making plans efforts, akin to setting up exterior committees to supply clinical and technical suggestion and to study development on implementation of the study plan.

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Extra info for A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy

Example text

This may have contributed to the relatively low attendance (231 people, not including the NRC committee members and staff), which was less than the expected number of over 500. Representation of various sectors at the workshop was uneven and tended to be skewed toward federal employees (Figure 2-1). S. government agency, academic or other nongovernmental research institution, nongovernmental organization, and industry. The committee acknowledges that many of the participants could fall into more than one category and has attempted to categorize participants in a consistent manner.

41 42 REVIEW OF THE OCEAN RESEARCH PRIORITIES PLAN TABLE 4-1 Priorities Identified by the JSOSTa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Understand the status and trends of resource abundance and distribution through more accurate, timely and synoptic assessments Understand interspecies and habitat-species relationships as a basis for forecasting resource stability and sustainability Understand human use patterns that may influence resource stability and sustainability Apply advanced technologies to enhance the benefits of various natural resources from the open ocean, coasts, and Great Lakes Understand the initiation and evolution of hazard events and apply that understanding to improve forecasts of future hazard events Understand the response of coastal and marine systems to natural hazards and apply that understanding to assessments of future vulnerability to natural hazards Apply understanding to develop multihazard risk assessments and to support development of model, policies, and strategies for hazard mitigation Understand the interactions between marine operations and the environment Apply understanding of environmental factors to characterize and predict conditions in the maritime domain Apply understanding of human behavior to develop the information and tools necessary to carry out effective, safe, and secure marine operations Apply understanding of marine operations to enhance the marine transportation system Understand ocean-climate interactions across regions Understand the impact of climate variability and change on the ocean, including its biogeochemistry and ecosystems Apply understanding of the ocean to help project future climate changes and their impacts Understand and predict the impact of natural and anthropogenic processes that govern the overall level of ecosystem productivity Apply understanding of ocean-related socioeconomic activities to assess the ability of marine ecosystems to provide essential goods and services EVALUATING THEMATIC PRIORITIES 43 TABLE 4-1 Continued 17 Apply understanding of marine ecosystems to develop appropriate indicators and metrics for their sustainable and effective management 18 Understand, forecast, and reduce ocean-related risks to human health from pathogens, biotoxins, and chemical contaminants 19 Understand human health risks associated with the ocean and the potential benefits of ocean resources to human health 20 Understand how human use and valuation of ocean resources can be affected by ocean-borne human health threats and how human activities can influence these threats 21 Apply understanding of ocean ecosystems and biodiversity to develop products and biological models to enhance human well being a The priorities are numbered here in the order that they are presented in the ORPP only to simplify referencing in the text.

The plan does less well at translating the link between society and the ocean into a bold and compelling vision for ocean research in the next decade. S. 4). There is a need to draw a clearer connection between the problems and opportunities facing society and the specific challenges for ocean science and between these specific challenges and the research priorities identified in the plan. These connections were clearly elucidated in several recent national reports, including those by the USCOP, the Pew Oceans Commission’s (2003) America’s Living Oceans: Charting a Course for Sea Change, and the 29 30 REVIEW OF THE OCEAN RESEARCH PRIORITIES PLAN Joint Ocean Commission Initiative’s From Sea to Shining Sea (JOCI, 2006).

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A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board, Committee to Review the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology's Research Priorities Plan

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