By Brian Schultz
Distinctive in its style and content material, the "War Scroll (1QM)" offers a imaginative and prescient of an approaching eschatological struggle. even if initially interpreted as being the fabricated from a unmarried writer from the Qumran Sect, the composition's inconsistencies speedy resulted in the view that it truly is actually an eclectic rfile with an complicated compositional background. but all such theories have been formulated sooner than the booklet of conflict Scroll-like texts from "Caves" four and eleven. A cautious second look of the struggle Scroll indicates as a substitute that what begun as a primitive and cohesive composition from the Hellenistic interval a few two-stage conquest of the realm used to be ultimately up-to-date on the way to healthy the recent old realities confronted by way of the sectarians lower than Roman rule.
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Extra resources for Conquering the World: The War Scroll (1QM) Reconsidered
11Q14 is from the first decades just after the turn of the era, slightly later than 4Q494, the latest copy of a recension similar to M. Since there are few variants between the two texts, it would appear that this composition did not undergo much evolution. 4. PROVENANCE OF THE WAR TEXTS AND POSSIBLE IMPLICATIONS One final observation needs to be highlighted. Except for 11Q14, all of the War texts comes from Caves 1 and 4. Recently, Daniel Stökl Ben Ezra studied the dates of the manuscripts found in the various Qumran caves and came to the conclusion that these two caves are to be considered separately from all the others.
See also Duhaime, War Texts, 31–33. 58 Abegg casts doubt particularly on frg. 9, due to the larger size of its script (“War Scroll,” 98). 59 Independently, Abegg also suggested a line length of 50 to 55 letter spaces (“War Scroll,” 99). amah,” 244. amah,” 241–43, as well as Bilhah Nitzan, “Benedictions and Instructions for the Eschatological Community (11QBer; 4Q285),” RevQ 16 (1993): 77–90, and Eibert J. C. Tigchelaar, “Working with Few Data: The Relationship Between 4Q285 and 11Q14,” DSD 7 (2000): 49–56.
B. Mohr, 1997), 107–9, 144–45, and the bibliography listed there. 44 Baillet, Qumrân Grotte 4, 12–44, Pls. X, XII, XIV, XVI, XVIII, XXIV; Abegg, “War Scroll,” 81–97; Duhaime, “War Scroll,” 81, 178–79; War Texts, 22– 23; Yshai, “ספרות המלחמה בקומראן,” 284–301. 45 Baillet, Qumrân Grotte 4, 170–75 and Olson, “Words of the Lights,” 107–9, 146–53 and the bibliography listed there. 46 Baillet, Qumrân Grotte 4, 58. 47 Duhaime, War Texts, 22–23. 48 Of course, this depends on how one defines the point at which the variants have become too significant in a copy of a text to continue calling it the same recension.
Conquering the World: The War Scroll (1QM) Reconsidered by Brian Schultz