The Female in Aristotle's Biology: Reason or Rationalization by Robert Mayhew PDF

By Robert Mayhew

ISBN-10: 0226512002

ISBN-13: 9780226512006

Whereas Aristotle's writings on biology are thought of to be between his top, the reviews he makes approximately adult females in those works are greatly considered as the nadir of his philosophical oeuvre. between many claims, Aristotle is expounded to have declared that women give a contribution not anything colossal to iteration; that they've fewer enamel than men; that they're much less lively than men; and that lady are analogous to eunuchs. within the woman in Aristotle's Biology, Robert Mayhew goals to not safeguard Aristotle's rules approximately ladies yet to shield Aristotle opposed to the typical cost that his writings on woman species have been encouraged by way of ideological bias.Mayhew issues out that the instruments of contemporary technology and medical experimentation weren't on hand to the Greeks in the course of Aristotle's time and that, therefore, Aristotle had relied not just on empirical observations while writing approximately dwelling organisms but in addition on a good quantity of hypothesis. additional, he argues that Aristotle's comments approximately adult females in his organic writings didn't are inclined to advertise the inferior prestige of historic Greek women.Written with ardour and precision, the feminine in Aristotle's Biology may be of large price to scholars of philosophy, the heritage of technology, and classical literature.

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Extra resources for The Female in Aristotle's Biology: Reason or Rationalization

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Some other examples of this interpretation are Zeitlin (1988, 64 – 66), Nye (1990, 59), and Tuana (1994, 192). 5. To the information in the Generation of Animals, which I discuss in the following pages, one could add some passages from the History of Animals. Early in the History of Animals, Aristotle writes: “Of those animals in which there belongs generation, one emits into itself, one into another. 489a10 –12). 582a16 –18). The use of the plural “seeds” (together with the mention of young men and women) suggests, I think, that Aristotle has in mind both male and female seed.

But Aristotle probably found the strongest support for his position in his observation of the facts of generation that were available to him, in combination with the principles of his natural philosophy. According to Aristotle, there are four fundamental powers, which are the causes of the elements: hot, cold, wet, and dry. The four elements are fire (hot and dry), air (hot and wet), earth (cold and dry), and water (cold and wet). At the material level, most changes—and certainly concoction—are owing to heat acting on dry (earthen) or wet compounds, which are relatively cool.

But Aristotle probably found the strongest support for his position in his observation of the facts of generation that were available to him, in combination with the principles of his natural philosophy. According to Aristotle, there are four fundamental powers, which are the causes of the elements: hot, cold, wet, and dry. The four elements are fire (hot and dry), air (hot and wet), earth (cold and dry), and water (cold and wet). At the material level, most changes—and certainly concoction—are owing to heat acting on dry (earthen) or wet compounds, which are relatively cool.

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The Female in Aristotle's Biology: Reason or Rationalization by Robert Mayhew


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