By Emma Haddad
With the unrelenting unrest in locations reminiscent of Iraq, Afghanistan and the Sudan, the plight of refugees has develop into an more and more mentioned subject in diplomacy. Why can we have refugees? while did the refugee 'problem' emerge? How can the refugee ever be reconciled with a global process that rests on sovereignty? 3 key sessions - the inter-war interval, the chilly conflict and the current day - Emma Haddad demonstrates how a particular photo has outlined the refugee because the overseas states method arose in its sleek shape and that refugees have hence been qualitatively a similar over the process background. This ancient and normative technique indicates new how one can comprehend refugees and to formulate responses to them. by way of interpreting the difficulty from a world society standpoint, this ebook highlights how refugees are an inevitable, if unanticipated, results of erecting political borders.
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Additional info for The refugee in international society : between sovereigns
13 The result is that certain individuals become recognised as ‘refugees’ at certain times in certain places, others do not. We must also consider the point of grouping certain criteria together to formulate a definition of the ‘refugee’ in the first place. The concept cannot be understood without a grasp of the very reason behind needing such a concept. In other words, we must go beyond the descriptive and look at the purpose of the term. But here again the purpose of the ‘refugee’ category will change according to the moral point of view from which it has been created.
Barbara Harrell-Bond, Eftihia Voutira and Mark Leopold, ‘Counting the Refugees: Gifts, Givers, Patrons and Clients’, Journal of Refugee Studies 5, 3/4 (1992), 205. S. , ‘Counting the Refugees’, 209. Ellen Lammers, Refugees, Gender and Human Security: A Theoretical Introduction and Annotated Bibliography (Utrecht: International Books, 1999), p. 22. 44 Malkki, too, is keen to point out that the term ‘refugee’ does not constitute a naturally self-delimiting domain. 45 In other words, from an anthropological perspective it is impossible to squeeze diverse histories, experiences and people under one heading.
The only solution according to Kuhlman, therefore, is to view involuntary migrants in terms of ‘distress’: they are physically forced to leave their home or a serious crisis makes staying impossible, and it would be dangerous to return while these conditions persist. 22 Limitations of current approaches The legal definition contained in the 1951 Convention forms the cornerstone to current refugee policy. 24 Since the formulation of the 1951 definition, ‘a considerable terminological, or conceptual, flora has grown up within which refugee realities 21 22 23 24 Tom Kuhlman, ‘Towards a Definition of Refugees’, Refugee Studies Centre Documentation Centre, University of Oxford (1991), 8.
The refugee in international society : between sovereigns by Emma Haddad